Fear, Hope & Possibility: Developing Emotional Resilience

by Donna Mellen

A few weeks ago, I attended a teach-in on climate change sponsored by Pioneer Valley (Massachusetts) Climate Action. The speakers were professors – three scientists, a sociologist, and a peace and world security studies professor – from five colleges in the area.  The picture that they presented was bleak.

Michael Klare, author of The Race for What’s Left: The Global Scramble for the World’s Last Resources  (Metropolitan Books, 2012), spoke about the rapid depletion of natural resources and said that he fears battles for survival around the planet as humans fight for what remains. As Klare spoke, a sense of dread moved through my body. The picture that he painted was not new to me, but, as I let it in, I felt the horror and fear that are natural responses to such a possible future – and, in fact, to much that is going on in the present.

As an educator in the Antioch MBA in Sustainability program, I take in information about planetary crises on a regular basis. How do I hold such information and continue to teach with a sense of hope and enthusiasm about creating a sustainable human presence on the planet?  To do so, I believe that I must come to grips with how I personally deal with fear, hope, and possibility as a human being on planet Earth in the early twenty-first century.  If I am unable to acknowledge – to myself and others – my emotional reactions to the world I find myself in, if I am unable to develop personal resilience in light of our global challenges, then I am unlikely to be helpful to others who struggle with their own fears and hopes about all that we face.

Acknowledging Pain and Other Emotions

In developing my response to our situation, it’s been important to acknowledge to myself and to talk with others about the feelings that my emerging awareness has generated.  It seems to me that it would be helpful for sustainability educators and practitioners to have such conversations with one another.

One of the challenges in initiating such conversations is that, in the United States, our dominant culture does not well support the expression and acknowledgment of emotion. Crying is called “breaking down.”  Anger often generates a fight, freeze, or flee response from others.  We may avoid people who are grieving.  We fear fear.  And we sometimes disparage hope and enthusiasm.  An educational paradigm that has focused on our intellects to the relative neglect of our physical, emotional, artistic, social, ecological, and spiritual selves has, in general, left us – as a culture – inadequately equipped to respond in helpful ways to deep emotional experience.

I was encouraged when I came across the work of Joanna Macy,a long-time ecophilosopher and activist.  A central principle of her work is that “pain for the world, a phrase that covers a range of feelings, including outrage, alarm, grief, guilt, dread, and despair, is a normal, healthy response to a world in trauma” (Macy & Johnstone, Active Hope, p. 67).  When we experience and share our emotions skillfully, “[r]ather than feeling afraid of our pain for the world, we learn to feel strengthened by it” (p. 66).

Developing a Helpful Conceptual Framework

To acknowledge and yet not get stuck in my pain and fear, I find it useful to have a working conceptual model that enables me to make some sense of the turbulence and uncertainty we face.  Joanna Macy’s and Chris Johnstone’s Active Hope: How to Face the Mess We’re in without Going Crazy (New World Library, 2012) provides such a framework. These authors propose that we are in a period of historic change that requires rethinking the fundamental assumptions that guide the organization of human life on earth.

Macy and Johnstone suggest that there are three major stories that shape peoples’ views of our current situation.  Business as Usual assumes that our current economic and societal paradigm will continue to work. People who live in this story may argue about how best to proceed to address our problems, but they don’t question the fundamental assumptions of the current paradigm.  In the second story, the Great Unraveling (a term borrowed from David Korten), economic decline, resource depletion, climate change, mass extinction of species, and social division and war will result in worldwide catastrophe and misery. The third story, the Great Turning describes “the essential adventure of our time.  It involves the transition from a doomed economy of industrial growth to a life-sustaining society committed to the recovery of our world.”  They assert that, “This transition is already well under way” (p. 26).

As partial evidence for the Great Turning, they cite Paul Hawken’s contention that we are in the midst of “the largest social movement in history” (Blessed Unrest, Penguin, 2007).  Hawken states, “…I now believe that there are over one – and maybe even two – million organizations working toward ecological sustainability and social justice” (p. 2).  The story of this huge social shift is not told in the mainstream media, which focus on discrete events.  According to Macy and Johnstone,  “We might need to train ourselves to see the larger pattern and recognize how the story of the Great Turning is happening in our time. Once seen, it becomes easier to recognize” (p. 27).

This framework enables me to consciously choose my stance within our global context.  If we are in the midst of an historic global shift, no wonder our societal institutions – from the economy to health care to education to government – are struggling.  No wonder we hear clashing perspectives on the nature of reality and what we need to do to create a better society.  Our natural and human systems are under stress and in a process of realignment.  There is no guarantee as to how things will unfold, but there is hope, and I have a choice as to how to use my influence to support the creation of a sustainable, inclusive, and just society.  Knowing that millions of others are also making such choices, I can see my actions as part of a dynamic transformation that is happening all over the planet.

A Deeper Approach to Fear

While holding all that I have said above in mind, I also have been more deeply exploring the nature of fear itself – and of its close relation, anxiety.  While not suppressing or denying my feelings, can I move toward letting go of fear and anxiety as typical responses to the state of the planet?  Chronic anxiety and fear can diminish physical and mental health and can reduce my general resilience.  Can I move toward courage, compassion, and internal peace as my more typical inner state, no matter what the external circumstances?

To address these questions, I have turned to various spiritual and wisdom traditions that offer helpful perspectives and practices.  Engaging in practices such as focusing my consciousness in the present, not being bound to my thoughts, and cultivating compassion for myself and others supports a shift to a more healthy inner state.

I don’t want to give the impression that I live in this healthy inner state all, or even most, of the time.  For me, the development of a more courageous and grounded self has been – and continues to be – a lifelong and nonlinear process.  I am entirely capable of being fearful, cranky, and even snarky.  Watching politics on television, for example, does not always bring out my best.  But, over time, I see desirable changes in my way of being and an increased capacity to respond with calm and clarity.  This better enables me to respond compassionately and effectively to the emotional experiences of others.

We are most likely in for a prolonged period of turbulence as we move through historic change. Sustainability is a multi-faceted endeavor, and the challenges facing the planet have amplified for us all the opportunity for personal development.  As sustainability educators and practitioners, we need to be intentional about the development our own emotional resilience – and to support one another in the process – so we may ably support our students and others as together we face the fears and engage the hopes and possibilities of our time.

  1. Thanks for the post. I had a conversation recently (via email) where I left the person on the other end of the communique with the following “Sorry if that was not a terribly uplifting response.” We were talking about her travels through Turkey and how large, ecologically destructive renewable energy projects (dams) were being constructed. Despite the lengthy, and at times negative reply, I don’t think we have the right to stop working for a more sustainable world, or what Julian Agyeman (http://julianagyeman.com/) calls “just sustainabilites.” If anything, it must redouble our resolve and efforts. To me, the theme of AASHE’s 2010 conference in Denver was about the moral obligation to live and produce a sustainable society. Yes, there is a lot, and I mean A LOT, of negative press out there. Sometimes it is scary to consider the physics of the situation as well (conservation of matter and conservation of energy from the perspective of nonrenewable energy sources). But what good does it accomplish to wallow in the negatives?

  2. stevechase said:

    Donna, what a wonderful post. It’s funny, as I was reading the first part of the post, I was thinking I should write in a comment about Joanna Macy’s new book Active Hope–and then you go and bring it up. You also describe and discuss it beautifully. Thank you, thank you, thank you. I am such a lucky man to have you as a colleague and ally.

  3. Donna Mellen said:

    I’m back from vacation and catching up on things. Eric and Steve, thank you for your comments.

    Something that Eric wrote got me thinking. He wrote: “But what good does it accomplish to wallow in the negatives?” I agree that wallowing doesn’t improve our situation. So how can we respond to the grief, fear, and anger that people may experience in response our current daunting circumstances? I think that often the most helpful response is to acknowledge people’s feelings without trying to change the emotion, or fix it, or talk someone out of it. Feeling truly heard and acknowledged can help an emotion to soften and ultimately dissipate. That then opens the possibility for energy to be directed into positive action.

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